Peer Group Support Increase Psychological Responses Changes from Public Servant in Retirement Preparation Phase

Citation for this: Nursalam, Efendi F, Fata U H. 2008. Peer Group Support Increase Psychological Responses Changes from Public Servant in Retirement Preparation Phase. Jurnal Ners

ABSTRACT
Introduction :Retirement is separation process of individual from their work that is being paid from their position or occupation. Retirement may change psychological responses. The aimed of this study was to analyze the influence of peer group support in psychological responses changes from public servant in retirement preparation phase. Method : This study was used an quasy experimental pre-post test purposive sampling design. Population were 18 respondents who will retire on 2009 and 2010 in Mardiwaluyo General Hospital Blitar. Sample were 16 respondents divided into 8 respondents each for treatment and control group. The independent variable was peer group support and dependent variable was psychological responses. Data were collected by using questionnaire before and after peer group support intervention. Data then analyzed by using Mann Whitney U Test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with significance level ??0.05. Result: The result showed that peer group support didn’t have an influenced in denial respons (p=0.301), anger respons (p=0.317), bargaining respons (p=0.079) and depression respons (p=0.300). Otherwise peer group support have an influenced in acceptance respons (p=0.049). Discussion: The result of this study has enlightened the important of retirement preparation phase to provide positive psychological responses. Further studies are recommended to extend this recearch with considering biological and spiritual responses.
Keywords: peer group support, retire, psychological responses

PENANGGULANGAN MASALAH HIV/AIDS, NAPZA, DAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA DENGAN PENDEKATAN PEER CONTROL GROUP DARI, OLEH, DAN UNTUK REMAJA PADA SISWA SMA KOTAMADYA SURABAYA

Citation for this: Retno Wahyuni P, Nur Nailul, Vita Kusuma R, Ikasari Rahmatina, Ferry Efendi. PENANGGULANGAN MASALAH HIV/AIDS, NAPZA, DAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA DENGAN PENDEKATAN PEER CONTROL GROUP DARI, OLEH, DAN UNTUK REMAJA PADA SISWA SMA KOTAMADYA SURABAYA. Jurnal Ners.

ABSTRAK Remaja memerlukan pendekatan khusus untuk dapat menceritakan masalah yang dihadapi. Peran teman sepergaulan mendukung terjadinya perubahan pada diri remaja. Penanggulangan dengan memperbaiki teman sepergaulan menjadi sangat penting. Tujuan kegiatan untuk mengetahui tingkat keberhasilan model pendekatan Peer Control Group dari, oleh, dan untuk remaja dalam menanggulangi masalah HIV/AIDS, NAPZA, dan kesehatan reproduksi siswa SMA di Kotamadya Surabaya. Pendekatan yang dipakai yaitu bidang pendidikan, kesehatan, pelatihan disertai studi kasus. Pelaksanaan kegiatan dibagi menjadi dua tahap. Tahap pertama, Workshop Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja HIV/AIDS dan NAPZA bagi Remaja SMA di Surabaya. Tahap kedua, follow up berupa implementasi kegiatan di sekolah masing-masing oleh remaja SMA selama 6 bulan sejak workshop dan pertemuan rutin untuk sharing informasi sekaligus pengalaman. Workshop dilaksanakan selama tiga hari (22-24 April 2005) di ruang kuliah histologi FK-Unair diikuti perwakilan siswa dari sekolah terpilih. Hasil pretest sebelum workshop menunjukkan 62,5% siswa berpengetahuan cukup. Sesudah workshop, sebagian besar siswa tingkat pengetahuannya bertambah, yaitu tingkat pengetahuan cukup sebesar 25%, tingkat pengetahuan baik 68,8% dan tidak ada yang berpengetahuan kurang. Untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya perbedaan tingkat pengetahuan siswa sebelum dan sesudah workshop dilakukan uji statistik Pair T test dengan ?<0,05. Hasil uji statistik Pair T test didapatkan signifikansi penelitian p=0,000 (<0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan yang sangat bermakna dalam hal tingkat pengetahuan siswa sebelum dan sesudah workshop. Uji korelasi didapatkan p=0,000 (<0,05), dengan demikian workshop sangat berkorelasi terhadap perubahan tingkat pengetahuan. Sehingga upaya penggulangan masalah kesehatan reproduksi remaja, NAPZA dan HIV/AIDS dengan model pendekatan peer control grup dapat diterapkan untuk remaja SMA Kotamadya Surabaya.
Kata Kunci: remaja, peer control group, follow up.

The Effect Of Health Education Using Tooth Brushing Simulation Method With Bass Technique On Tooth Brushing Ability And Oral Hygiene Maintainance On School Children)

Citation for this: Sari, S A., Efendi F., Dian P. The Effect Of Health Education Using Tooth Brushing Simulation Method With Bass Technique On Tooth Brushing Ability And Oral Hygiene Maintainance On School Children).  Jurnal Ners.

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Brushing teeth is one of the effective ways to clean the teeth from leftover food and dirt. Yet, children still have lack ability on brushing their teeth and maintaining oral hygiene. This is caused by the lack of knowledge in brushing their teeth and maintaining oral hygiene. One of the ways to increase the ability to brush the teeth and maintain oral hygiene by giving health education using simulation method. Bass modification technique was proven to be effective to maintainance oral hygiene. Nevertheless, it was not yet conducted in research design using simulation to children. There for objective of this research was to explore the effect of health education regarding tooth brush simulation method using bass modification technique on school children. Method: The research used a pre-experimental design. The samples were 29 children and they were taken using a simple random technique. The dependent variable was simulation method while the independent variables were tooth brushing and oral hygiene. Data collection used checklist system and observation. Data analysis used wilcoxon signed rank test. Result: The results showed that tooth brushing ability (?=0.000), debris index (?=0.000), and oral hygiene OHIS (?=0.002) had significant influence on simulation method. Calculus index (?=0.458) showed that there was no significant influence on simulation method. Discussion: The conclusion was that simulation method was effective to increase tooth brushing ability and oral hygiene maintenance on school children. The next researcher is expected to apply true experimental design of health education to assess the ability to brush the teeth and to maintain oral hygiene.
Keywords: tooth brushing ability, oral hygiene, simulation method

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