Spiritual Therapies

A state of wholeness or health is dependent not only on one’s relationship to the physical and interpersonal
environment but also to the spiritual aspects of self. The idea that there is a relationship between spirituality and health is not new. “At the core of many holistic modalities are spirituality and healing, which encompass a person’s values, meaning, and purpose in life . . . The concept of spirit implies a quality of transcendence, a guiding force, or something outside the self and beyond the individual nurse or patient” (Dossey, 1998).
The role of the spirit in healing is witnessed in all cultures. The inseparable link between the state of one’s
soul (life energy or spirit) and the state of one’s health is accepted by many cultures. Scientists (especially
psychoneuroimmunologists) are beginning to validate that there are inner mechanisms of healing within individuals. Many of the major religions have ideologies relating to health, illness, and healing.

Therapeutic Massage

Therapeutic massage is the application of pressure and motion by the hands with the intent of improving the
recipient’s well-being. It involves kneading, rubbing, and using friction. The primary techniques used to perform a massage are described in the accompanying display. For the past 30 years, many touch therapies have been assimilated into mainstream nursing practice. Massage therapy is now recognized as a highly beneficial modality and is prescribed by a number of physicians. In addition, many states now have licensing requirements for massage practitioners.
Traditionally, back rubs have been administered by nurses to provide comfort to hospitalized clients. Continue reading Therapeutic Massage


Meningitis adalah radang dari selaput otak (arachnoid dan piamater). Bakteri dan virus merupakan penyebab utama dari meningitis.

Otak dilapisi oleh tiga lapisan, yaitu : duramater, arachnoid, dan piamater. Cairan otak dihasilkan di dalam pleksus choroid ventrikel bergerak / mengalir melalui sub arachnoid dalam sistem ventrikuler dan seluruh otak dan sumsum tulang belakang, direabsorbsi melalui villi arachnoid yang berstruktur seperti jari-jari di dalam lapisan subarachnoid.
Organisme (virus / bakteri) yang dapat menyebabkan meningitis, memasuki cairan otak melaui aliran darah di dalam pembuluh darah otak. Cairan hidung (sekret hidung) atau sekret telinga yang disebabkan oleh fraktur tulang tengkorak dapat menyebabkan meningitis karena hubungan langsung antara cairan otak dengan lingkungan (dunia luar), mikroorganisme yang masuk dapat berjalan ke cairan otak melalui ruangan subarachnoid. Adanya mikroorganisme yang patologis merupakan penyebab peradangan pada piamater, arachnoid, cairan otak dan ventrikel. Eksudat yang dibentuk akan menyebar, baik ke kranial maupun ke saraf spinal yang dapat menyebabkan kemunduran neurologis selanjutnya, dan eksudat ini dapat menyebabkan sumbatan aliran normal cairan otak dan dapat menyebabkan hydrocephalus. Continue reading ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN MENINGITIS