Mothers’ Behaviour Regarding School-Aged Children’s Nutrition: in Indonesia

Eka Mishbahatul M, Della Febien Prahasiwi, Sylvia Dwi Wahyuni, Nursalam, Ferry Efendi. (2018). Mothers’ Behaviour Regarding School-Aged Children’s Nutrition: in Indonesia.  Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, November 2018, Vol. 9, No. 11.

Abstract
Malnutrition in school-aged children in the coastal area of Indonesia, increased every year. This can be caused by improper nutrition intake. Such as in Bulak Banteng Village, East Java, presumably, it was mothers’ behaviour in providing children’s nutritional needs that caused the malnutrition. This research aimed to evaluate factors which influenced mothers’ behaviour in the coastal area of Indonesia in the fulfilment of school-aged children’s nutrition based on health promotion model. Method: This was an observational analysis study with a cross-sectional approach. Samples were 100 mothers of school-age children who lived at Bulak Banteng Village, East Java, Indonesia. Samples were taken by using a stratified random sampling technique. Independent variables were mother’s prior related behaviour, self-motivation, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy, activity-related affect, and commitment in fulfilling nutrition. The dependent variable was the mother’s behaviour in fulfilling nutrition. The data were collected by using questionnaire, then analysed by using linear regression. Result and Analysis: Linear regression analysis indicated that motivation (p=0.020), perceived barriers (p=0.000), self-efficacy (p=0.003), and activityrelated affect (p=0.000) were influenced mother’s behaviour in fulfilling school-aged children nutrition by p<0.05. Discussion: Mother’s motivation, self-efficacy, and activity-related affect have a role in mother’s behaviour in fulfilling school-aged children nutrition. Nurses should create health promotion which can increase mother’s motivation, efficacy, and affect in fulfilling school-aged children nutrition.

Keywords: health promotion model, mothers’ behaviour, nutrition, school-aged children

Download (PDF, 339KB)

Effect of Bibliotherapy on Self-Concept in Children with Mental Retardation in SLB

Nursalam Nursalam, Kartika Harsaktiningtyas, Iqlima Dwi Kurnia, Harif Fadhillah, Ferry Efendi. (2018). Effect of Bibliotherapy on Self-Concept in Children with Mental Retardation in SLB. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, November 2018, Vol. 9, No. 11

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Children with mental retardation are children with special needs with a level of intelligence > 70. The self-concept of a child with mental retardation is influenced by their pattern of care as well as their environment. Rejection by the environment and deviations in care adjustments can cause the child to be unwilling to communicate and interact, to form a bad perception of development and self-concept. Thus, the researchers were interested in studying the effect of bibliotherapy on the self-concept of children with mental retardation in SLB. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bibliotherapy had any influence on self-concept. Method: This study was a quasi-experimental research study which involved 42 respondents as its population. The population was made up of 24 students of SLB Sasanti Wiyata and 18 students of SLB AKW Kumara II Surabaya. The sample of this study was made up of 36 respondents according to the inclusion criteria, gathered using a purposive sampling technique. The independent variable was bibliotherapy. The dependent variable was self-concept. The instruments used were the Robson Self-Concept Questionnaires. The data analysis used a Manova test in SPSS with a significant value ? <0.05. Result: The results showed, in the treatment group via a Manova test, 0.005 for selfimage, 0.033 for personal identity, 0.001 for self-esteem, 0.004 for self-ideal, 0.198 for role. With partial eta squared, the results indicated that bibliotherapy can affect self-esteem with a value of 0.302. The provision of bibliotherapy in this research was found to have a positive influence and improved selfconcept in children with mental retardation in SLB. Discussion: Bibliotherapy can improve self-concept in children mental retardation in SLB. With bibliotherapy, children will learn and also imagine according to circumstances and desires. Moreover, one of the session in bibliotherapy encourage the children express their feelings.

Keyword: self-concept, bibliotherapy, mental retardation, children

Download (PDF, 1.87MB)

Indonesian nurses’ perception of disaster management preparedness

Martono M, Nursalam N, Satino S, Efendi F, Bushy A, (2018). Indonesian nurses’ perception of disaster management preparedness, Chinese Journal of Traumatology, https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2018.09.002.

Abstract
Purpose: Using a quantitative approach, this study aims to assess Indonesian nurses’ perception of their knowledge, skills, and preparedness regarding disaster management. Methods: This study was a descriptive comparison in design. The research samples are Indonesian nurses working in medical service and educational institutions. The variable of nurses’ preparedness to cope with disaster victims was measured using the Disaster Preparedness Evaluation Tool (DPET), which was electronically distributed to all nurses in Indonesia. Data were analyzed using a statistical  descriptive one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and t-test with a significance level of 95%. Results: In total, 1341 Indonesian nurses completed this survey. The average scores of preparedness
to cope with disasters, the ability to recover from disaster, and evaluation of disaster were 3.13, 2.53, and 2.46, respectively. In general, nurses surveyed in this study are less prepared for disasters, and do not understand their roles both during the phase of disaster preparedness, and when coping with a post disaster situation. Conclusion: Nurses’ preparedness and understanding of their roles in coping with disasters are still low. Therefore, their capacity in preparedness, responses, recovery, and evaluation of disasters needs improvement through continuing education. The efforts needed are significant due to potential disasters in Indonesia and adequate nurses resources.
Keywords: Disasters; Knowledge; Nurses; Preparedness

Download (PDF, 887KB)