Analysis of the stressor and Coping strategies of Adolescents with Dysmenorrhoea

Nursalam, Nursalam., Oktaviani, Devi Wahyu Dwi., Armini, Ni Ketut Alit., Efendi, Ferry. (2018). Analysis of the stressor and Coping strategies of Adolescents with Dysmenorrhoea. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, October 2018, Vol. 9, No. 10.

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Every woman has a different menstrual experience. However, many encounter menstruation alongside disorders that cause discomfort, such as pain felt during menstruation called dysmenorrhoea. One of the factors that influence the occurrence of primary menstrual pain is the psychological factor of stress. objective: This study aimed to identify the strategies used to overcome dysmenorrhoea in young women. Method: This study used a cross-sectional design and a simple random sampling technique. The calculation result involved 132 samples. The independent variables were personal stressors, environmental stressors, and coping strategies. The dependent variable was dysmenorrhoea. The data was collected using a questionnaire that was tested for validity and reliability. The analysis used a multiple linear regression test with a significance level ??0.05. Results: The results showed that the personal stressors related to the age aspect were associated with dysmenorrhoea (p=0.002), and that the age of menarche was associated with dysmenorrhoea (p=0.023). Environmental stressors within the aspect of workload had a correlation with dysmenorrhoea (p=0.009), and interpersonal relationships had a correlation with dysmenorrhoea (p=0.015). Coping strategies, particularly emotionally-focused coping also had a relationship with dysmenorrhoea (p=0.019). Conclusion: Biological age and age of menarche are two of the causes of personal stress for young women. Academic stress is also one of the highest causes of stress in adolescent girls. The demands of academic achievements, interactions with peers, bad teachers and pressuring parents can result in adolescents experiencing stress, resulting in the physical health effect of dysmenorrhoea during menstruation. If adolescents cannot find a good method coping, the risk of dysmenorrhoea will be higher.

Keyword: adolescent, dysmenorrhoea, stressor, strategy coping.

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