Basic Nursing Abbreviations

A /G = albumin/globulin ratio
ABG = arterial blood gases
AC = before eating
ACE = angiotensin converting enzyme
ACL = anterior cruciate ligament
ACLS = advanced cardiac life support
ACTH = adrenocorticotropic hormone
ad lib = as much as needed
ADH = anti-diuretic hormone
ADL = activities of daily living
AFB = acid-fast bacilli
AFP = alpha-fetoprotein
AGA = appropriate for gestational age
AI = aortic insufficiency
AIDS = acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AKA = above knee amputation
ALD = alcoholic liver disease
ALL = acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALP = alkaline phosphatase
ALT = alanine transaminase, alanine aminotransferase
ATN = acute tubular necrosis
AU = both ears
AV = atrioventricular
B.S. = Bachelor of Science
B/K = below knee
BM = bowel movement or breast milk
BX = biopsy
c = with
C/O = complaining of
CA = calcium, cancer, carcinoma
CAA = crystalline amino acids
CABG = coronary artery bypass graft
CAD = coronary artery disease
CAPD = continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CAT = computerized axial tomography
CBC = complete blood count
CBD = common bile duct
CBG = capillary blood gas
CBI = continuous bladder irrigation
CBS = capillary blood sugar
CC = chief complaint
CCK = cholecystokinin
CCPD = continuous cyclic peritoneal dialysis
CCU = clean catch urine or cardiac care unit
CCV = critical closing volume
CF = cystic fibrosis
CHF = congestive heart failure
CHO = carbohydrate
CI = cardiac index
CLT = Clinical Laboratory Technician
CML = chronic myelogenous leukemia
CN = cranial nerves
CNS = central nervous system
CO = cardiac output
COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP = chest pain, cleft palate
CPD = cephalo-pelvic disproportion
CPK = creatinine phosphokinase
CPP = cerebral perfusion pressure
CPR = cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRCL = creatinine clearance
CRF = chronic renal failure
CRT = capillary refill time
CSF = cerebrospinal fluid
CT = computerized tomography
CVA = cerebral vascular accident, costovertebral angle
CVP = central venous pressure
D5W = 5% dextrose in water
DAT = diet as tolerated
DC = (dc) discontinue
DIC = disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DKA = diabetic ketoacidosis
DM = diabetes mellitus
DNA = deoxyribonucleic acid
DNR = do not resuscitate
DOA = dead on arrival
DOE = dyspnea on exertion
DPT = diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
DTR = deep tendon reflexes
DVT = deep venous thrombosis
DX = diagnosis
EAA = essential amino acids
EBL = estimated blood loss
EBV = Epstein-Barr Virus
ECF = extracellular fluid, extended care facility
ECG = electrocardiogram
ECT = electroconvulsive therapy
EENT = eye, ear, nose and throat
EFAD = essential fatty acid deficiency
EMG = electromyogram
EMV = eyes, motor, verbal response (Glasgow coma scale)
ENT = ears, nose, and throat
EOM = extraocular muscles
ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD = end stage renal disease
ET = endotracheal tube
ETT = endotracheal tube
EUA = examination under anesthesia
FBS = fasting blood sugar
FDA = Food & Drug Administration
FEV = forced expiratory volume
FFP = fresh frozen plasma
FNP = Family Nurse Practitioner
GB = gallbladder
GC = gonorrhea
GERD = gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR = glomerular filtration rate
GI = gastrointestinal
GSW = gun shot wound
GTT = glucose tolerance test
GU = genitourinary
HB = hemoglobin
HBP = high blood pressure
HCG = human chorionic gonadotropin
HCO3 = bicarbonate
HCT = hematocrit
HD = hemodialysis
HDL = high density lipoprotein
HEENT = head, eyes, ears, nose, throat

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