Category Archives: English

Spiritual Therapies

A state of wholeness or health is dependent not only on one’s relationship to the physical and interpersonal
environment but also to the spiritual aspects of self. The idea that there is a relationship between spirituality and health is not new. “At the core of many holistic modalities are spirituality and healing, which encompass a person’s values, meaning, and purpose in life . . . The concept of spirit implies a quality of transcendence, a guiding force, or something outside the self and beyond the individual nurse or patient” (Dossey, 1998).
The role of the spirit in healing is witnessed in all cultures. The inseparable link between the state of one’s
soul (life energy or spirit) and the state of one’s health is accepted by many cultures. Scientists (especially
psychoneuroimmunologists) are beginning to validate that there are inner mechanisms of healing within individuals. Many of the major religions have ideologies relating to health, illness, and healing.

Therapeutic Massage

Therapeutic massage is the application of pressure and motion by the hands with the intent of improving the
recipient’s well-being. It involves kneading, rubbing, and using friction. The primary techniques used to perform a massage are described in the accompanying display. For the past 30 years, many touch therapies have been assimilated into mainstream nursing practice. Massage therapy is now recognized as a highly beneficial modality and is prescribed by a number of physicians. In addition, many states now have licensing requirements for massage practitioners.
Traditionally, back rubs have been administered by nurses to provide comfort to hospitalized clients. Continue reading Therapeutic Massage


Nursalam1, Ferry Efendi1, Lan Thi Ngoc Dang2, Yuni Sufyanti Arief1
1 Faculty of Nursing
Airlangga University Indonesia
2Vietnam Development Information Center,
Global Development Learning Network Vietnam

Societal and health care changes have presented many challenges for nursing. The challenge for nursing education is to ensure that professional education remains relevant and keeps in track with the needs of the market. These challenges include globalization, changes of patient characteristics, impacts of technology information, migration, future tendencies and other current issues in nursing development in Indonesia. A desk study was performed from relevant published materials. Literature was reviewed from means and databases of the International Council of Nurses, Indonesian Nurses National Association and electronic journals. The aim of this paper is to consider possible future societal and healthcare changes and how they may impact the development of future nursing education. A clear understanding of these factors is critical to face tomorrow challenges within global context.

Keywords: nurse, education, curriculum
This paper will be presented at Shanghai International Nursing Conference, November 2009