? Ergotamine (Ergomar) is most effective when taken during the prodromal phase of a migraine or vascular headache.
? Treatment of acute pancreatitis includes nasogastric suctioning to decompress the stomach and meperidine (Demerol) for pain.
? Symptoms of hiatal hernia include a feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen or chest, heartburn, and pain similar to that of angina pectoris.
? The incidence of cholelithiasis is higher in women who have had children than in any other group.
? Acetaminophen (Tylenol) overdose can severely damage the liver.
? The prominent clinical signs of advanced cirrhosis are ascites and jaundice. Continue reading Medical Surgical Nursing Bullet IV (Belajar KMB itu mudah)
? A patient who has had a cataract removed can begin most normal activities in 3 or 4 days; however, the patient shouldn’t bend and lift until a physician approves these activities.
? Symptoms of corneal transplant rejection include eye irritation and decreasing visual field.
? Graves’ disease (hyperthyroidism) is manifested by weight loss, nervousness, dyspnea, palpitations, heat intolerance, increased thirst, exophthalmos (bulging eyes), and goiter.
? The four types of lipoprotein are chylomicrons (the lowest-density lipoproteins), very-low-density lipoproteins, low-density lipoproteins, and high-density lipoproteins. Health care professionals use cholesterol level fractionation to assess a patient’s risk of coronary artery disease.
? If a patient who is taking amphotericin B (Fungizone) bladder irrigations for a fungal infection has systemic candidiasis and must receive I.V. fluconazole (Diflucan), the irrigations can be discontinued because fluconazole treats the bladder infection as well. Continue reading Medical Surgical Nursing Bullet V (Belajar KMB itu mudah)
? A Milwaukee brace is used for patients who have structural scoliosis. The brace helps to halt the progression of spinal curvature by providing longitudinal traction and lateral pressure. It should be worn 23 hours a day.
? Short-term measures used to treat stomal retraction include stool softeners, irrigation, and stomal dilatation.
? A patient who has a colostomy should be advised to eat a low-residue diet for 4 to 6 weeks and then to add one food at a time to evaluate its effect.
? To relieve postoperative hiccups, the patient should breathe into a paper bag.
? If a patient with an ileostomy has a blocked lumen as a result of undigested high-fiber food, the patient should be placed in the knee-chest position and the area below the stoma should be massaged.
? During the initial interview and treatment of a patient with syphilis, the patient’s sexual contacts should be identified.
? The nurse shouldn’t administer morphine to a patient whose respiratory rate is less than 12 breaths/minute.
? To prevent drying of the mucous membranes, oxygen should be administered with hydration. Continue reading Medical Surgical Nursing Bullet III (Belajar KMB itu mudah)