Category Archives: English


In addition to using theories specifically constructed to describe, explain, and predict the phenomena of concern to nursing, the nursing profession has long used theories from other disciplines. A discipline is a field of study. Theories from biological, physical, and behavioral sciences are commonly used in the practice of nursing. For example, nonnursing theories such as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Basic Human Needs, Erikson’s Theory of Human Development, and Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome have been and continue to be useful in nursing practice. These nonnursing theories are often incorporated into nursing practice together with specific nursing theories. When used in conjunction with a nursing theory, a nonnursing theory is transformed by the unique approach of the nursing perspective. This perspective provides the specific framework or viewpoint within which to use theories and knowledge from other disciplines. Continue reading IMPORTANCE OF NURSING THEORIES


By changing nothing, we hang on to what we understand, even if it is the bars of our own jail. ( John LeCarre, 1990)
Trends in nursing education and research cannot be isolated from the dynamics of nursing practice. Likewise, nursing trends are responsive to the projected changes in the delivery, organization, and financing of health care. The health care revolution occurring in the United States is spurred by the questionable effectiveness of the current system to provide access to basic health services in an efficient and cost-effective manner. Because of the lack of a unified federal and state health care policy that directs, monitors, and ensures the basic value of health, discussion about appropriate practice roles and an adequate supply of professionals is central in the health care industry. To address these concerns, immediate shifts in traditional activities may offer solutions by developing guidelines for the optimal size of the health care work force, thus providing the nature and structure of care that guarantees access to health care for all U.S. citizens. This chapter discusses the interrelatedness of nursing education, research, and practice. The various educational programs of the United States and Canada are presented in terms of their characteristics and the graduate’s nursing role in health care delivery. Research studies are described within the context of methodology and relationship to practice. This chapter also discusses trends that question nursing’s contribution to health care delivery from an educational or research perspective. Nursing as a scientific discipline and as a profession is an essential component of any delivery system that influences improved health outcomes. According to the American Nurses Association (ANA, 1995a): Continue reading NURSING EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

Indonesian Nurse, Caregiver Vow To Do Best To Pass Japan Exam

Two Indonesian vowed Friday to do their best to pass the Japanese
national qualification exams within three to four years to work as a
nurse and a caregiver in Japan.

Erli Ridwan, a 35-year-old male nurse from Ache, and Danta, a
28-year-old female nurse from central Java, said at the Japan National
Press Club that they are eager to learn advanced nursing science and
technology in Japan and adapt themselves to Japanese society.

They arrived in Japan on Thursday to work in a program under a
bilateral free trade agreement.

”As a pioneer, I’d like to overcome hurdles (to long-term employment
in Japan) and do my best to prepare for the qualification exam,”
Ridwan said in Indonesian.

He has eight years of work experience in a Jakarta hospital as a nurse
and is scheduled to work at a Tokyo hospital after a six-month
training program in Japanese language and lifestyle.

Danta, who does not have a family name, has also pledged to strive to
pass the examination. ”Even if I fail, I will bring back to Indonesia
what I experienced in Japan. I’d like to learn about the diligence,
kindness and discipline of the Japanese people,” she said in Indonesian.

Danta has worked as a nurse in Indonesia. But she applied as a
caregiver in Japan because she is interested in helping elderly
people. A nursing home for the aged in Yokohama is scheduled to accept
her after her training.

Ridwan and Danta are among 205 Indonesian candidates for nurses and
caregivers to arrive in Japan as the first batch of recruits for jobs
in Japan. Continue reading Indonesian Nurse, Caregiver Vow To Do Best To Pass Japan Exam