Kurniati, A., Chen, C. M., Efendi, F., & Berliana, S. M. (2017). Factors Influencing Indonesian Women’s Use of Maternal Health Care Services. Health Care for Women International, (just-accepted), 00-00.
At the individual level, variables of education, age at the last childbirth, and attitude towards family planning are the strongest predictors of the utilization of ANC services and postnatal care (PNC) in Nigeria (Babalola & Fatusi, 2009).
In the same vein, several studies in Southeast Asian countries with high maternal
mortality also found that women’s education, household wealth index, and residential
place were among the major determinants for the utilization of ANC and PNC (Prusty, Buoy, Kumar, & Pradhan, 2015; Sein, 2012). In their previous study in Indonesia, Beegle, Frankenberg, & Thomas (2001) reported the significant association between variables of age and the husband–wife educational gap, and the use of prenatal and delivery care. Likewise, another study of Indonesia revealed that several factors, such as living in rural region, lower family income, poor maternal knowledge, and high birth orders with closely spaced births (less than two years), had significant associations with the low utilization of ANC (Titaley, Dibley, & Roberts, 2010).
As the reduction of maternal mortality remains significant in the next global development agenda, it is imperative to have a better understanding of the factors
associated with the utilization of three aspects of maternity care ¡ antenatal, delivery, and postnatal services using the most recent available nationwide data. In this study, therefore, authors aimed to examine factors that affect the use of maternal health care services among Indonesian women. We expect that the results of this study contribute to supporting effective policies and approaches as well as identifying further research for improving the utilization of maternal health care.